A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when blood flow to a part of the heart muscle becomes blocked, usually by a blood clot. Recognizing the symptoms of a heart attack is crucial for seeking prompt medical attention, as early intervention can improve outcomes.
Common symptoms of a heart attack include:
Chest Pain or Discomfort:
This is the most common symptom. It may feel like pressure, fullness, squeezing, or pain in the center of the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back. It can also feel like heartburn or indigestion.
Pain or Discomfort in Other Areas of the Upper Body:
This can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or stomach.
Shortness of Breath:
You may experience difficulty breathing, which can occur with or without chest discomfort.
Breaking out in a cold sweat, along with other symptoms, may be a sign of a heart attack.
Nausea or Vomiting:
Some people may feel nauseous or vomit during a heart attack.
Light-headedness or Fainting:
Feeling light-headed or actually fainting can occur during a heart attack.
It’s important to note that not everyone experiences all of these symptoms, and they can vary from person to person. Women may also have different symptoms than men, and symptoms can be more subtle.
If you suspect you or someone else is having a heart attack, it is crucial to seek emergency medical attention immediately by calling the emergency services in your country. Early intervention can help minimize damage to the heart muscle and improve the chances of a successful recovery.